Dry eye syndrome (DES), also called Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), or keratitis sicca, is an unrecognised pathology, and is often diagnosed at an advanced stage.
This pathology has been defined in May 2007 by the best specialists in the world, the Dry Eye Workshop as : “Dry eye is a multifactorial disease of the tears and ocular surface that results in symptoms of discomfort, visual disturbance, and tear film instability with potential damage to the ocular surface. It is accompanied by increased osmolarity of the tear film and inflammation of the ocular surface.”
This syndrome is characterized by a long-lasting lack of tears, which generates symptoms that can be incapacitating : discomfort, redness, pain, burning and a sandy-gritty eye irritation, impaired vision, sensitivity to wind and cold. The eye is dry, red, burning, itchy, tired…
Dry eye syndrome, even if it relatively unknown to the public and specialists, is very common : it affects more than 10% of the population. A European study, which will be presented tomorrow (with the support of Santen, a laboratory specialized in ophthalmology, and the AFGS) and lead on 738 affected persons, brings some additional information. According to this study, a little over 80% of people suffering from dry eye syndrome are over 46 years old, and two-thirds of them are women.
The diagnostic of DES can be long to make: half of the interrogated patients have seen at least two doctors before having a diagnostic set, and this took over a year for one-third of them. To improve this, standardized questionnaires could be created, so as to diagnose dry eye syndrome more rapidly. Indeed, the longer the diagnostic is, the more impact it has on the quality of life of the patients.
There are many possible causes for dry eye syndrome: ageing, sickness, pollution, medications… This pathology is also developing with the prolonged use of screens.
There is no miracle treatment yet for this. The only treatments are eyelid cleansing and artificial tears or lubricating tear ointments. Wearing sunglasses, not smoking, avoiding air conditioners and screens can also help to manage the pain and discomfort.
The best way to fight an inflammation of the mucous membrane or of the skin is hydration. The technologies developed by Skintifique and used in the Hydrating Gel Plus HS relieve skin hydration problems. Skintifique, currently incubated at the Vision Institute in Paris, has launched a research and development program to adapt these technologies so as to address some of the problems linked to the dry eye syndrome. Some of our customers are already using the Hydrating Gel Plus HS to relieve their irritated eyelids, with very conclusive results. To be continued…
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